Lasik eye surgery is a popular performed laser refractive eye surgery. This particular surgery helps to correct vision problems. During the surgery, a surgeon uses a special cutting laser that precisely changes the clear tissue from the frontal cornea. Due to this surgery, one can experience improved vision.
People having normal vision have a cornea that helps to refract light onto the retina. But a person having hyperopia or myopia has blood vision as the light bends incorrectly. In that case, they can correct their vision using Contact lenses or glasses. Besides shaping the cornea can also help the eye with necessary refraction.
Why Do Surgeons Perform Lasik Surgery
One may undergo the surgery when they have problems related to vision.
Especially if you have nearsightedness or farsightedness, this is a common surgery to improve your vision. People having distorted focus of near and distant can also undergo this surgery.
Risks Involved With The Surgery
The complications are there during the LASIK surgery. But there are certain side effects while undergoing LASIK eye surgery. Some of these side effects include vision problems or dry eyes. These problems would disappear within a few months or weeks. But some people do experience long-term problems after LASIK surgery.
Conditions That Can Increase The Risk
There may be certain health conditions that can increase the risk of the surgery. Along with that, these conditions can also make the outcome of the surgery less predictable. Doctors generally do not recommend laser refractive surgery if you have conditions, including:
- Persistent dry eyes
- Autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis
- Recent vision changes due to pregnancy, hormonal changes or medication
- Weakened immune system
- Inflammation of the cornea, eye diseases, lid disorders or any eye injuries.
Sometimes surgeons may advise you not to have the surgery during cases like,
- If you have age-related eye changes
- Have thin corneas or large pupils
- Severe nearsightedness
- Fairly good overall vision
Before undergoing the surgery, you need to speak to your doctor about the concerns and questions that you have.
How Can You Prepare Yourself For The Surgery
You need to follow certain steps to prepare yourself for the surgery.
· Know The Cost Of The Surgery
One may consider a classic to be elective surgery. Hence most insurance companies will not cover the surgery cost. Therefore you need to pay for the surgery out of your pocket.
· Arrange A Ride Home
After you’re done with the surgery, you need to take the help of someone who can drive you to your home. Immediately after the surgery, you may feel the after-effects of the medicine that is given to you before the surgery. It can make your vision bloody. Due to this, there should be someone with you who can help you during and after the surgery.
· Skip The Eye Makeup
You need to avoid cream, lotions, perfumes or eye makeup, especially during your surgery and the day before that. Your surgeon may also instruct you to clean your eyelashes regularly. Especially during the surgery and before you have to indulge in regular cleansing of eyelashes to remove the debris from your eyes. This procedure helps to minimise the risk of infection.
What Are The Results
Laser vision correction improves vision without having the hustle of Contact lenses or glasses. If you undergo the surgery, you can have a very good chance of getting your vision back. After this refractive surgery, one can achieve 20 by 25 vision or even better. In general, more than 8 people out of 10 do not require contact lenses or classes after they have undergone such surgery. Hence after LASIK vision correction, one can experience full recovery of vision.
Moreover, the result depends on various factors and errors that occur during the surgery. People having a lower grade of nearsightedness can have a successful refractive surgery than people with farsightedness. Furthermore, when people have astigmatism their surgery can produce less predictable results. In some cases, the surgery results rely on the under-correction. If such a situation occurs, one must look for an experienced LASIK surgeon to receive the proper correction.
After the surgery, some people may experience slow recovery. Some people return to the desired level of vision. However, in some cases, the vision may not change.
It can happen due to conditions like hormonal imbalances, abnormal wound healing, or pregnancy. While in some cases, the problem of cataracts can also stop the process of recovery. Hence, whenever you face problems regarding vision changes, you need to take the help of a medical practitioner immediately.