Babies of less than one year of age often get affected by diseases like niccd. This disease leads the patient to citrin deficiency.

What is NICCD?

It is a liver condition, often happens in children under one year of age, called neonatal-onset type II citrullinemia. This causes the liver to stop the bile flow and prevent the nutrients of the body to flow properly. If taken good care of, then the patient with niccd, will get better without any symptoms in a year.

What are the symptoms of this disease?

 The major symptoms of this disease are

  • diffuse fatty liver,
  • intrahepatic cholestasis,
  • low birth weight,
  • hepatic fibrosis,
  • growth retardation,
  • decreased coagulation factors,
  • hypoproteinemia,
  • hemolytic anemia,
  • variable liver dysfunction,
  • hepatomegaly,
  • and/or hypoglycemia etc.

Along with all the above symptoms, various diagnosis methods are being followed by the doctors to evaluate the NICCD disease like increased plasma or blood concentration of ammonia, serum or plasma concentration of arginine and citrulline, serum or plasma threonine-to-serine ration, and pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor. After all of this, the person is given some supplement diet of fat-soluble vitamins which uses lactose-free and MCT formulas. The administration for improving growth is also being done by sodium pyruvate. The patient needs to need to consume any protein-rich meals with high carbohydrate diets.