What is Aids and Hiv Symptoms in Men and Women
immunodeficiency syndrome) is the advanced stage of
infection with the human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV). HIV is a virus that badly affects the cells
of body’s immune system that defense against
intruders. It can either kill or damage the cells of
the body’s immune system. The progression of HIV
destroys the ability of body to fight the infections
with the passage of time and a number of cancers.
Difference between Hiv and Aids : The advance stage
of HIV infection is referred by the term AIDS.
Transferring of HIV virus
HIV can transfer from one person to another by many
Having unprotected sex with a person who is infected
The use of a needle or syringe that is already used
by a person who is infected by HIV;
If a person transplant organs or receives blood from
an infected person; and
The virus can be transferred from infected mother to
the child during birth or even breast feeding .
The risk of transmitting HIV during sexual
intercourse multiplies in case you have acquired the
virus sexually. No evidence support that the HIV can
spread with saliva or with casual contact or sharing
food or/and clothes or from swimming pools, toilets
or telephones. The virus is not transmitted from
insects like bugs, flies and mosquitoes.
Symptoms of Aids
Common symptoms of aids are Flu like symptoms and
swollen glands are the initial signs of HIV
infection. Such symptoms may appear in the initial
stages of the infection and will disappear within
one month or two. Many symptoms of aids may not
appear on the screen for a long time. Unfortunately,
there is no cure to AIDS. However, there are
medicines that can help in fighting the infection
and avoiding those diseases especially cancer that
accompany the virus.
Treatment for Aids
The advancement humankind has made in the field of
treatment has improved the survival rate of AIDS
patients. The progression of AIDS in developed
states such as United States has also depreciated as
the antiretroviral drugs are available.
If you need additional information then you can
visit the National Institute of Allergy and
Infection Diseases at NIH. NIH is governing a number
of trials and researches on HIV/AIDS to test the
validity of treatment. Institute like NICHD sponsors
HIV symptoms in women
Around the world 19.2 million women are living with
AIDS/HIV as per the estimation of the Joint United
Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). It is also
observed that the ratio of HIV infection spreading
among the women was higher in certain places and
groups than others. HIV is dramatically increasing
among the Hispanic and African American women. About
80 per cent of the HIV infection is transmitted
through vaginal intercourse (heterosexual sex) and
women are more vulnerable to acquire the virus than
Most of the symptoms of HIV infections are same
among men and women however there are some signs
that are specific in females.
Some of these HIV symptoms in women are :
• Those women who are infected with HIV infection
are difficult to operate if they inculcate a vaginal
yeast infection as compared to normal women.
• The infection of the reproductive organs of the
women, the pelvic inflammatory disease will be
severe and more frequent in women that have HIV
• HPV infection (human papilloma virus) is the cause
of genital warts is mostly observed in the women
with HIV positive. It can also lead to
–pre-cancerous wounds of cervix or the cervix
Preventing the transfer of HIV
Mother can transfer the HIV virus to her babies
during pregnancy, birth and breast feeding. However,
there are a number of ways that can help in reducing
the risk of virus transmission.
Anti-HIV drugs can be inhaled during pregnancy. The
drugs will help in reducing the risk. Mother can go
through highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
in which zidovudine or AZT is alone or in
combination with other drugs is used.
Delivering the baby by cesarean section is also a
remedy to avoid the HIV transfer during natural
delivery. Cesarean can be done before the uterine
membrane of mother naturally start to rupture.
The HIV infected mother must avoid to feed her child
with breasts as the breast milk is infected by the
It is estimated that one forth to one half of the
pregnant women that have HIV but are not treated
will pass the HIV to their babies. In United States
newborns are rarely discovered with HIV because HIV
infected women take anti-HIV drugs during pregnancy
and cesarean is used for delivery.
AIDS in children & adolescents
In the United States about 10000 children are living
with HIV. The number of babies born with HIV
infection transferred from their mother has
significantly decreased from 2000 a year to the 200
On contrary the number of infants born with HIV
infection in developing countries is very large. In
developing countries most of the mothers are not
screened for HIV virus, the unavailability of
anti-HIV drugs and the absence of alternate of
breast feeding results in the birth of 700000
children with HIV infection.
In youngsters the main reason of getting the HIV
infection is detected to be unprotected sex and the
use of drugs with infected injections. Unfortunately
there is no cure to virus and all that an HIV
positive person can do is to either live with it as
long as possible or die with it. Another option is
also available and that is to save others by keeping
the HIV to only one’s self.