Globally, 51% of stroke cerebrovascular
disease) and 45% of ischemic heart disease deaths
are caused by high systolic blood pressure. Teenage
boys with normal blood pressure values are 3-4 times
more likely to develop high blood pressure in early
adulthood than girls. Overweight boys with systolic
blood pressure of 110 mmHg and above have an
increased risk of hypertension, at about 1% per
year. Young adults who lead sedentary lifestyles -
with both low aerobic fitness and low physical
activity levels - are at risk of developing high
blood pressure in 20 years.
The American Heart Association
recommends these 10 simple ways to keep your blood pressure in control:
1. Know your blood pressure.
2. Know what your weight should be.
3. Don't consume too much salt.
4. Eat lots of fruits, vegetables and whole-grain,
5. Limit alcohol intake (one drink a day for women,
two a day for men).
6. Take your medicines exactly as prescribed.
7. Keep appointments with your doctor.
8. Follow your doctor's advice about physical
9. Make certain the people you care about understand
their risks of developing high blood pressure.
10. Know that every step counts in managing your