Diabetes – A Basic Overview
DIABETES is life threatening disease that is affecting
million of people worldwide. Diabetes is forth main cause of
disease-related deaths worldwide. Although this is one of the
shocking statistics, even more upsetting is most of the people
unaware of their diabetic condition at early stage and they do
not fully comprehend diabetes.
What actually diabetes is? Diabetes is a disease in which our
body unable to produce enough insulin or use insulin to process
glucose. If an individual says that he or she have been
diagnosed with diabetes, it means the cells unable to absorb
glucose which used as source of energy.
We can understand about diabetes much better if we understand
how the body regulates the glucose.
In non-diabetic people
Our digestive system breakdowns food into simpler compounds
and most carbohydrate foods will end up as glucose. Glucose is
source of energy for our body cells. Some amount of glucose will
be stored in the liver, while most of it will enter the blood
stream. From the blood stream, glucose will enter cells if that
the cells have been attached with hormone called insulin, which
is produced by the pancreas. Insulin is as a key that creates an
opening in the cell membrane to allow the glucose to enter the
Type 2 diabetes
diabetes, cells unable to respond properly to insulin (insulin
resistance) resulting decreases in amount of insulin that attach
the cells. If less insulin attaches the cells, for sure amount
of glucose that enter cells will be decrease. This causes high
blood sugar in the blood streams hyperglycemia.
Type 1 diabetes
In type-1 diabetes, pancreas unable makes insulin at all
because the body’ Glucose can’t enter the cells without insulin.
So level of glucose in blood stream will be very high and causes
Other than this type-1 and type-2 diabetes, there is
temporary form of diabetes that occurs during the second half of
pregnancy called gestational diabetes. This is due to the
interruption of the other hormones that stop insulin from
working. Although this type of diabetes is temporary and can be
treated with healthy eating alone, the changes that
particular person develops permanent diabetes is very high.
Symptoms of type-1 diabetes are more visible than type-2
diabetes. This is due to higher amount of glucose in the blood
stream of type 1 diabetes patient because as mentioned before
pancreas unable produce insulin at
all. Thirst, big appetite, frequent urination, blurred vision,
fatigue, non-healing infection and weight loss are some of
type-1 diabetes symptoms.
In type-2 diabetes, there might be no symptoms at all or milder
symptoms may be present. The same goes to gestational diabetes
patient, in which no symptoms can be seen but they could feel
Diabetes can cause complications on the other parts of our
body. These complications usually develop silently and only
visible after so many years. Complications of diabetes are
including damage to eyes, kidneys and oral health problems. Not
everyone with diabetes will develop the complication but it
depends to the person’s initiative to take care their self.