What is Diabetes   

What is Diabetes


Chronic disease:
What is diabetes

DIABETES MELLITUS which often referred to as diabetes is a condition in which the body either does not produce enough, or does not properly respond to insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas.

Insulin converts sugar, starches, and other food to enables cells to absorb glucose in order to turn it into energy. Without or insufficient amount of insulin, will lead to accumulation of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia), leading to various potential complications.

It is also called a disease associated with ‘sweet urine’.
Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) lead to spillage of glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine. Diabetes is a chronic disease that has no cure. The cause of diabetes is still a mystery, although both genetics and environment appear to play roles.


1) Type 1

2) Type 2

3) Gestational diabetes

Other types:

Pre-diabetes indicates a condition that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Many people destined to develop type 2 diabetes spend many years in a state of pre-diabetes which has been termed "America's largest healthcare epidemic.

Body' tissue receptors not responding to insulin may also cause diabetes (even when insulin levels are normal, which is what separates it from type 2 diabetes). However, this form is very uncommon.

Genetic mutations (autosomal or mitochondrial) can lead to defects in beta cell function. Abnormal insulin action may also have been genetically determined in some cases.

Any disease that causes extensive damage to the pancreas may lead to diabetes (for example, chronic pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis).


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