DIABETES MELLITUS which often referred to as diabetes is a
condition in which the body either does not produce enough, or
does not properly respond to insulin, a hormone produced in the
Insulin converts sugar, starches, and other food to enables cells
to absorb glucose in order to turn it into energy. Without or
amount of insulin, will lead to accumulation of glucose in the
(hyperglycemia), leading to various potential complications.
It is also called a disease associated with ‘sweet urine’.
Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) lead to
glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine. Diabetes is
a chronic disease that has no cure. The cause of diabetes is
still a mystery, although both genetics and environment appear
to play roles.
THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF DIABETES. THE MAIN THREE ARE:
1) Type 1
2) Type 2
3) Gestational diabetes
Pre-diabetes indicates a condition that occurs when a person's
glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a
diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Many people destined to develop
diabetes spend many years in a state of pre-diabetes which has
termed "America's largest healthcare epidemic.
Body' tissue receptors not responding to insulin may also cause
diabetes (even when insulin levels are normal, which is what
separates it from type 2 diabetes). However, this form is very
Genetic mutations (autosomal or mitochondrial) can lead to
beta cell function. Abnormal insulin action may also have been
genetically determined in some cases.
Any disease that causes extensive damage to the pancreas may
diabetes (for example, chronic pancreatitis and cystic