Treating and Preventing Hernias   



Treating and Preventing Hernias

 
The best thing you can do is lead a healthy lifestyle.
Men and women of all ages can have hernia. Children can have them, too. A hernia occurs when part of the intestine bulges through the abdominal wall. There are many different types of hernias, but the most common are inguinal and hernias.

INGUINAL HERNIAS
An inguinal (groin) hernia develops when the lining of the abdominal cavity weakens and the intestines push through the weak spot in the groin area.
Causes of an inguinal hernia include obesity, pregnancy, heavy lifting and straining to pass stool.

Symptoms. These may start slowly, they include:
● Visible bulges slightly above or within the scrotum in men
● Pain and tenderness in the lower abdomen and scrotum in men
● Feeling of pressure or weakness in the groin
● Aches and pain in the abdomen that start and stop

Treatment. Inguinal hernias are usually treated with surgery to repair the opening in the muscle wall. In some cases, the hernia may become twisted (called a strangulated hernia) and cut off blood supply to the tissue, rapidly increasing pain in the groin is a sign that the hernia has become strangulated-this requires immediate medical attention.

Self-care tips. Avoid heavy lifting, which can cause straining and place more pressure on the abdomen. Use correct lifting techniques: Lift objects by bending your legs and keeping your back straight. Your leg muscles, not your back or abdomen, should do the most work.

HIATAL HERNIAS
A hiatal hernia occurs when a weak spot in the diaphragm muscle allows the stomach to push up through the diaphragm. The hernia develops at the spot where the esophagus meets the stomach. Preventing hernias
There really is no sure-life way to prevent a hernia. Anybody can get them. The best thing you can do to prevent a hernia is to stay healthy and:

● Eat a healthy diet. It will help you avoid the constipation that can lead to straining during a bowel movement. It will also help keep your muscles healthy.
● Don't smoke. If you do, quit. Chronic coughing from lung irritation can put you at increased risk for a hernia. It can also cause one to recur.
● Do regular, gentle exercises to tone and strengthen your abdominal muscles.
● Maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, try Lo lose some weight to ease the pressure on your abdominal muscles.
● Use proper lifting techniques and avoid lifting weights that are too heavy for you.
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Happy reading,
Evelyn


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