High-fiber Diet Helps Prevent Colon Cancer   



High-fiber Diet Helps Prevent Colon Cancer

 
New research counters studies that had questioned its benefits.

In the latest evidence pointing to the benefits of eating fiber, researchers on both sides of the Atlantic report a high-fiber diet sharply reduces the risk of colon cancer.

That conclusion, in two studies in a recent issue of The Lancet, reinforces earlier medical advice recommending high-fiber diets. Other studies in recent years have found high-fiber diets provided no protection against colon cancer, calling into question long-held beliefs.

MORE FIBER, LOWER CANCER RISK

In the European study, which the researchers called the largest ever on the relationship between diet and cancer, the scientists tracked more than a half million people in 10 countries for an average of 4.5 years.

Those who averaged 35 grams of daily fiber intake had a 25 percent lower risk of colorectal cancer, primarily colon cancer, compared with those who averaged 15 grams of fiber a day, the study found.

The correlation proved strongest for colon cancer and was not statistically relevant for rectal cancer, the study says.

A close examination of more detailed dietary data for about 32,000 people in the European study yielded even more promising results. It showed that those who consumed 35 grams of fiber daily had a 40 percent lower risk of cancer than those who ate 15 grams daily according to the study.

The most interesting thing is, it does actually confirm all the other studies prior to the most recent ones, which found no relationship between high-fiber diets and cancer.

Eat more plant foods because then you're eating more whole-grain cereal, more fruits and vegetables.

POLYP-FIBER CONNECTION

The U.S. study focused on 37,600 people, about 3,600 of whom had non-malignant polyps- precursors of colon cancer. Based on surveys, researchers divided the people into five groups, according to their fiber consumption.

Those who ate the most fiber, an average of 36.4 grams a day had a 27 percent lower risk of the polyps than those who ate the least fiber, averaging 12.6 grams a day, the study found. To achieve those protective effects, the latest research suggests, Americans would have to consume much more fiber than they currently do. The U.S. study says Americans average about 16 grams of fiber a day.

The risk [of colon cancer] is going down when the fiber is increasing; it's a very strong trend. This is a positive finding because it is consistent with health recommendations" for fiber intake.

Both studies looked at fiber in foods only, drawing no conclusions about the potential protective value of fiber in dietary supplements.

It's "very strange" that some earlier studies did not show the same protective effects of fiber. Earlier research could have mistakenly concluded fiber had no preventive effect because of smaller amounts of fiber eaten and less variety in the amounts and types.

OPPOSING VIEW

But the principal investigator of the 2000 Polyp Prevention Trial, says stands by its findings that a high-fiber diet doesn't protect against colon cancer.

For 4 years, the Polyp Prevention Trial followed almost 2,000 patients believed to be at high risk for colon cancer because they had had precancerous polyps removed.

Half of them were told to follow a diet that included five to eight servings of fruits and vegetables and at least 18 grams of dietary fiber for every 1,000 calories a day, with no more than 20 percent of their calories from fat. The other half of the study participants got dietary counseling but did not change their eating habits much.

The rate of recurrence of polyps was the same for both groups in the "rigidly controlled" trial.

It's not a major factor in preventing colon cancer of fiber. We need to go on to something that's more significant than fiber, calling for more emphasis on screening for colon cancer. 

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Happy reading,
Evelyn



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